Total sperm count also may be called as sperm count is a sub topic of semen analysis test. Semen analysis is a laboratory test that is done for infertile couples before any infertility treatment for male type infertility diagnosis. Semen analysis test also called spermogram is done to evaluate semen fluid and sperm cell characteristics. Semen volume and sperm count is measured in semen analysis test.
Semen analysis test evaluates your sperm cells and semen fluid for infertility diagnosis, semen analysis test has topics as listed;
- Semen volume
- Sperm concentration ( sperm density)
- Total sperm count
- Semen pH
- Sperm motility ( sperm cell movement ability which is necessary for sperm cells to reach and fertilize the egg)
- Sperm morphology ( sperm cell shape; sperm cells must have healthy head , mid piece and tail for fertilization)
- Semen fluid WBC ( white blood cell) count
- Semen appearance
- Semen color
- Semen liquefaction time
Total sperm count
Total sperm count sometimes called as sperm count is a different term from sperm concentration. Sperm concentration sometimes called sperm count which means sperm cells per mL of semen fluid. Total sperm count is calculated by multiplying sperm concentration value by total semen volume .
In normal conditions sperm concentration value should be at least 15 million sperm cells per semen mL ( according to WHO). Total sperm count lower limit is 39 million sperm cell per semen sample. Normal and abnormal values may differ from lab to lab but a healthy semen sample commonly contains 40-300 million sperm cells.