Semen is the name of fluid which carries male reproductive cells that are called sperm cells. Semen is produced in testes also semen and sperm cell production starts with the puberty. Boys usually reach puberty at 13-14 years old.
Semen fluid contains sperm cells but only the 1-5 % of the semen is composed by sperm cells. Rest of the semen fluid contains so many different vitamins, minerals or protein.
- 1-5% of the ejaculated semen contains sperm cells
- A single ejaculation may contain 100-600 million sperm cells
- Fructose to produce energy for sperm cells
- Vitamin B12
- Uric acid
- Citric acid
- Ascorbic acid
- Lactic acid
- Immunosuppressants to protect sperm cells from female immune system
- Estrogen hormone
- Prolactin hormone
These component list is a detailed analyse of semen fluid. Also semen fluid is analysed by a laboratory test that is called semen analysis test which is used to diagnose male type infertility. Sperm count, semen volume, semen pH, sperm concentration and all other characteristics of semen and sperm cells are evaluated by semen analysis test.